CSTE Position Statement(s)
Clinical DescriptionInfection with Chlamydia trachomatis may result in urethritis, epididymitis, cervicitis, acute salpingitis, or other syndromes when sexually transmitted; however, the infection is often asymptomatic in women. Perinatal infections may result in inclusion conjunctivitis and pneumonia in newborns. Other syndromes caused by C. trachomatis include lymphogranuloma venereum (see Lymphogranuloma venereum) and trachoma.
Laboratory Criteria For Diagnosis
- Isolation of C. trachomatis by culture, OR
- Demonstration of C. trachomatis in a clinical specimen by detection of antigen or nucleic acid