CSTE Position Statement(s)
Clinical DescriptionDefinition: An incident in which two or more persons experience a similar illness after ingestion of a common food, and epidemiologic analysis implicates the food as the source of the illness.
Symptoms of illness depend upon etiologic agent. Please see the "Guidelines for Confirmation of Foodborne-Disease Outbreaks".1
Laboratory Criteria For DiagnosisDiagnostic laboratory criteria depend upon the etiologic agent. Please see the "Guidelines for Confirmation of Foodborne-Disease Outbreaks".1
There are two exceptions: one case of botulism or chemical poisoning linked to a food item constitutes a notifiable outbreak.
Data sharing: Notification to CDC of confirmed cases of foodborne disease outbreaks (preferably using the CDC National Outbreak Reporting System) is recommended.2
1. CDC. National outbreak reporting system (NORS). Available at https://www.cdc.gov/nors/.
3. CDC. Guide to confirming an etiology in foodborne disease outbreak. Available at https://www.cdc.gov/foodsafety/outbreaks/investigating-outbreaks/confirming_diagnosis.html.