CSTE Position Statement(s)
Clinical DescriptionAn illness of variable severity commonly manifested by diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, and sometimes vomiting. Asymptomatic infections may occur, and the organism may cause extraintestinal infections.
Laboratory Criteria For Diagnosis
Suspect: Detection of Salmonella from a clinical specimen using a non-culture based method
Confirmed: Isolation of Salmonella from a clinical specimen
SuspectedA case that meets the suspect laboratory criteria for diagnosis
ProbableA clinically compatible case that is epidemiologically linked to a confirmed case, i.e., a contact of a confirmed case or member of a risk group as defined by public health authorities during an outbreak.
ConfirmedA case that meets the confirmed laboratory criteria for diagnosis. When available, O and H antigen serotype characterization should be reported.
CommentsBoth asymptomatic infections and infections at sites other than the gastrointestinal tract, if laboratory confirmed, are considered confirmed cases that should be reported.
1. CDC. (1990). Case Definitions for Public Health Surveillance. MMWR, 39(RR-13), 1-43. https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00025629.htm